News Article

Vanguard Solar To Be Acquired By Natcore

The acquisition Will Expand Natcore's development of thin-film solar cells and Carbon Nanotube (CNT) based Sensors with Vanguard’s II-VI compound semiconductor thin films on CNT

Natcore Technology announces that it has executed a formal share purchase agreement with all of the security holders of Vanguard Solar. Closing of the acquisition of Vanguard Solar is expected to occur shortly, subject to the approval of the TSX Venture Exchange.

Vanguard has been focused on the development of a flexible, thin-film photovoltaic material capable of silicon solar cell-like efficiency performance potentially at one-tenth the manufacturing cost and one-twentieth the capital investment.

Vanguard has employed a proprietary chemical bath process similar to Natcore's liquid phase deposition (LPD) technology, although Vanguard has grown II-VI compound semiconductor thin films on carbon nanotubes (CNT) at room temperature and ambient pressure, while Natcore has thus far concentrated on growing silicon dioxide films on silicon substrates.

The first-generation products from Vanguard's method could produce 15%-16% efficiencies at module costs of 60 cents to 70 cents per watt. It is anticipated that second-generation technology could achieve 20% efficiencies at even lower costs per watt. The investment for production facilities is projected as low as $10 million to $15 million per 100-megawatt to 150-megawatt production capability, as compared with current costs of as much as $250 million for standard solar-cell production facilities.

Vanguard's production equipment would be designed for insertion into existing roll-to-roll film-coating lines of the sort that have been displaced by the emergence of digital photography. All production materials are widely available and dramatically cheaper than silicon and other thin-film systems. If successfully developed, the process would enable a very cost-efficient production capability in large-scale facilities.

Vanguard has achieved proof-of-concept in small area devices and is ready to move to a validation stage, during which the company will demonstrate larger-area working devices at the targeted efficiencies expressed above.

Vanguard has two pending patents covering its solar cell development, as well as a broad range of photodetectors and optical sensors. Among the applications for the latter are manufacturing process monitoring and controls, homeland security surveillance and biomedical sensors for diagnostics and testing.

As consideration for the purchase of Vanguard, Natcore has agreed to issue Vanguard shareholders a total of 373,606 common shares, subject to the approval of the TSX Venture Exchange.

In conjunction with the acquisition of Vanguard, Natcore entered into an agreement with a firm performing services for Vanguard to pay legal fees incurred by Vanguard through the issuance of 120,075 common shares of Natcore and an agreement with a firm providing services to Natcore in relation to the Vanguard acquisition through the issuance of 20,000 common shares, all of which is subject to the approval of the TSX Venture Exchange.
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