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Imec paves the way for perovskite lasers


ULTRA-LUX project develops perovskite LEDs, a thousand times brighter than OLEDs

Imec has demonstrated a perovskite LED stack, emitting light thousand times brighter than state-of-the-art OLEDs, as part of the ULTRA-LUX project funded by the European Research Council (ERC).

The result, published in Nature Photonics in the paper 'Electrically Assisted Amplified Spontaneous Emission in Perovskite Light Emitting Diodes’, is a milestone towards a perovskite injection laser, promising exciting applications in image projection, environmental sensing, medical diagnostics, and beyond.

With excellent optoelectrical properties, low-cost processability and efficient charge transport, perovskites have emerged in the last ten years as candidates for light emission applications, such as LEDs.However, while perovskites can withstand very high current densities, laser operation with the emission of high-intensity coherent light has not been reached yet.

“In the ULTRA-LUX project, Imec showed for the first time a PeLED architecture with low optical losses and pumped these PeLEDs to current densities that support the stimulated emission of light”, explained Paul Heremans, who is an Imec Senior Fellow and Principal Investigator of the project. “This novel architecture of transport layers, transparent electrodes and perovskite as the semiconductor active material, can operate at electrical current densities tens of thousands of times higher (3 kA cm-2) than conventional OLEDs can.”

“With this architecture, Imec enhanced amplified spontaneous emission, with an electrical assist of the conventional optical pumping. By doing so, Imec demonstrated that electrical injection contributes 13 percent to the total amount of stimulated emission and thus approaches the threshold to achieve a thin film injection laser”, stated Robert Gehlhaar, Imec project manager. “Reaching this landmark milestone towards high-power thin-film laser diodes is paving the way to exciting new applications of thin-film perovskite lasers.”

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